Adriano Sofri was born 1 August in Trieste. Among those brought in for questioning was militant anarchist Giuseppe Pinelli. On 15 December , while in police custody Pinelli fell from a fourth floor window of the police building in Milan. The policemen present in the interrogation room claimed that Pinelli committed suicide, but many leftist circles believed him to have been murdered. A subsequent inquiry in concurred, holding that Pinelli had fainted due to an "active illness".
|Published (Last):||2 November 2015|
|PDF File Size:||10.92 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||9.83 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Adriano Sofri was born 1 August in Trieste. Among those brought in for questioning was militant anarchist Giuseppe Pinelli. On 15 December , while in police custody Pinelli fell from a fourth floor window of the police building in Milan. The policemen present in the interrogation room claimed that Pinelli committed suicide, but many leftist circles believed him to have been murdered.
A subsequent inquiry in concurred, holding that Pinelli had fainted due to an "active illness". On 15 December , the Lotta Continua newspaper directed by Sofri explicitly claimed that Calabresi had to be "shot dead". The press campaign against Calabresi continued for the next two years. On the morning of 17 May Calabresi was shot and killed outside his home. Members of Lotta Continua were considered to be the prime suspects. Arrest In July , Leonardo Marino, an ex-activist, confessed to taking part in the assassination of Calabresi.
Marino claimed that he was driving the car, while Ovidio Bompressi allegedly shot Calabresi. He said that the assassination had been decided by Adriano Sofri and Giorgio Pietrostefani, the leaders of Lotta Continua. Based on testimony provided by Marino, on 28 July , Sofri was arrested with Ovidio Bompressi and Giorgio Pietrostefani for the murder of police officer Luigi Calabresi on 17 May Sofri denied having talked with Marino at this alleged meeting, pointing out that on this day, it was pouring with rain, and that the town was under surveillance by the police.
This was confirmed by other participants of the demonstration. Sofri was convicted on 2 May and sentenced to serve 22 years in the prison of Pisa. Pietrostefani and Bompressi also received 22 years, while Marino was sentenced to 11 years.
Appeal By the time the appeals process began various pieces of evidence were no longer available. The clothes which Calabresi was wearing on the day of his death were never found. The bullet which killed Calabresi was auctioned on 15 April , after a flood which had damaged the office holding the material evidence of the case. Sofri and others were acquitted in The Court of Cassation confirmed this last judgment in Pietrostefani, was residing in France with and no chances of being extradited.
Marino initially claimed that the weight of his conscience had pushed him to confess his crimes, which he allegedly had done on 19 July to the carabinieri in Ameglia , a little town, before going to Milan where he allegedly described with precision the assassination of Calabresi — remaining before to general facts — to Ferdinando Pomarici, substitute of the attorney, and investigative magistrate Antonio Lombardi.
However, on 20 February , two years after the beginning of the trial, a witness of the Court, carabinieri officer Emilio Rossi, declared that Marino had first presented himself to the carabinieris in Ameglia on 2 July These include his first account, where he claimed that Bompressi and Sofri ordered him the assassination, whether that later became only Sofri; his description of the itinerary that he allegedly followed immediately after the crime, during which he said he had gone in the exact opposite direction of where the Fiat had been finally abandoned; confusion about when his qualms of conscience came to arise, as soon as or in "the last three years"; the fact that he had been convicted for armed robbery on , thus making his claims about his moral concerns dubious  Furthermore, the description of the crime scene by eyewitnesses contradicted those of Leonardo Marino.
Sofri has always maintained his innocence and continues to do so to this day. He has become a columnist writing for Il Foglio and La Repubblica. He also writes editorials in Panorama. At the end of November, , Adriano Sofri suffered Boerhaave syndrome while in prison. He was moved to a hospital and was considered for a pardon, but Justice Minister Roberto Castelli refused in December to grant one.
However, after the defeat of the Silvio Berlusconi government during the April election , the new Justice Minister , Clemente Mastella , announced that Sofri could be pardoned before the end of the calendar year, although he continued to refuse to ask for a pardon, saying such a request would be admission of guilt.
The Justice Minister nonetheless argued that "The truth is that 34 years after the events Sofri is a very sick person to whom one can offer a spontaneously humane gesture. The year sentence ended in January See also Years of lead Italy Related Research Articles Pentito is used colloquially to designate people in Italian criminal procedure terminology who were formerly part of criminal organizations and deciding to collaborate with a public prosecutor.
The judicial category of pentiti was originally created in s to combat violence and terrorism during the period of left- and right-wing terrorism known as the Years of Lead.
During the —87 Maxi Trial, and after the testimony of Tommaso Buscetta, the term was increasingly applied to former members of organized crime who had abandoned their organization and started helping investigators.
Obstruction of justice, in United States jurisdictions, is a crime consisting of obstructing prosecutors, investigators, or other government officials. Common law jurisdictions other than the United States tend to use the wider offense of perverting the course of justice. Carlo Ginzburg is a noted Italian historian and proponent of the field of microhistory. He is best known for Il formaggio e i vermi, which examined the beliefs of an Italian heretic, Menocchio, from Montereale Valcellina.
Born as a radical leftist newspaper, it has since moderated to a milder centre-left political stance. The same afternoon, three more bombs were detonated in Rome and Milan, and another was found unexploded. Giuseppe "Pino" Pinelli was an Italian railroad worker and anarchist, who died while being detained by Italian police in Pinelli was a member of the Milan-based anarchist association named "Ponte della Ghisolfa".
He was also the secretary of the Italian branch of the Anarchist Black Cross. His death, believed by many to have been caused by members of the police, inspired Nobel Prize laureate Dario Fo to write his famous play titled Accidental Death of an Anarchist.
Roberto Castelli is an Italian politician. He was the Minister of Justice in the second and third governments of Silvio Berlusconi. In addition, he is a Senator and one of the main representatives of Lega Nord. Ferdinando Imposimato was an Italian magistrate and the honorary president of the Supreme Court of Italy.
PSIUP gained c. Pietro Valpreda was an Italian anarchist, poet, dancer and novelist. Michael DiLeonardo is a former Italian-American mobster turned government informant. He was a capo belonging to the Gambino family.
In the early s, DiLeonardo decided to cooperate with the FBI and managed to convict over 80 mobsters. He was temporarily in a witness protection program. Mitterrand based this oral promise, which was upheld until the s by France, on the alleged non-conformity of Italian legislation with European standards.
The Years of Lead is a term used for a period of social and political turmoil in Italy that lasted from the late s until the late s, marked by a wave of both far-right and far-left incidents of political terrorism.
Giorgio Valentino Bocca was an Italian essayist and journalist, also known for his participation in the World War II partisan movement. His murder triggered a wave of political violence. Prima Linea was an Italian Marxist—Leninist terrorist group of the late s.
It was formed in by members of hard-line factions within the far left, extra-parliamentary organization Lotta Continua, which disbanded that year, together with members of Potere Operaio and of other far left groups. By it had carried out more than twenty assassinations. Lotta Continua was a far-left extra-parliamentary organization in Italy. It was founded in autumn by a split in the student-worker movement of Turin, which had started militant activity at the universities and factories such as Fiat.
Marco Boato is an Italian politician.
Piazza Fontana bombing
Plaque in memory of the anarchist Giuseppe Pinelli. After over 80 arrests were made, suspect Giuseppe Pinelli , an anarchist railway worker, died after falling from the fourth-floor window of the police station where he was being held. After his alibi was judged insufficient, he was held for three years in preventive detention before being sentenced for the crime. In he was acquitted by the supreme Court of Cassation for lack of evidence. On 3 March Franco Freda , Giovanni Ventura and Rauti were arrested and charged with planning the terrorist attacks of 25 April at the Trade Fair and Railway Station in Milan , and the August 8 and August 9, bombings of several trains, followed by the Piazza Fontana bombing.
I “43 anni” (Piazza Fontana – Il libro – Il Film) di Adriano Sofri
Among those brought in for questioning was militant anarchist Giuseppe Pinelli. On 15 December , while in police custody Pinelli fell from a fourth floor window of the police building in Milan. The policemen present in the interrogation room claimed that Pinelli committed suicide, but many leftist circles believed him to have been murdered. A subsequent inquiry in concurred, holding that Pinelli had fainted due to an "active illness". On 15 December , the Lotta Continua newspaper directed by Sofri explicitly claimed that Calabresi had to be "shot dead". The press campaign against Calabresi continued for the next two years. On the morning of 17 May Calabresi was shot and killed outside his home.
49 anni dopo Piazza Fontana
Faelabar Adriano Sofri Despite being exonerated, the far-left organisation Lotta Continua held Calabresi of being responsible for the death of Pinelli, and in he was murdered by left-wing militants in revenge. Furthermore, the description of the crime scene by eyewitnesses contradicted those of Leonardo Marino. Questions, messages, requests can be addressed fontanw liblib innocent. In Julythe Court of Appeals upheld the convictions,  but this was reversed the following year by the Court of Cassation.
Il padre, di origine meridionale, era nella marina militare mentre la madre triestina era insegnante. Dal Sofri ha avuto per compagna  la norvegese Randi Krokaa Negli anni settanta , come detto, Sofri fu il leader di Lotta Continua, una delle principali formazioni extraparlamentari marxiste. Ambrogio, e noi, solo per dovere di cronaca, come si dice, riportiamo la cosa. Secondo il giornalista Giampiero Mughini ex membro della formazione extraparlamentare e per un periodo direttore del quotidiano , in Lotta Continua molti, compreso Sofri, sapevano che qualcuno stava preparando il delitto, ma egli ne sarebbe comunque estraneo per quanto riguarda la realizzazione . Sofri nella redazione di Lotta Continua.