What Is Positive Psychology? These protests included refusals to continue the experiment, agonizing screams, demands that he be let out of the study, and complaints that his heart was starting to bother him. The partic- ipants were visibly upset by the effects on the victim of what they believed to be genuine electric shocks. Steve R. Baumgardner, Marie K. All rights reserved.
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What Is Positive Psychology? These protests included refusals to continue the experiment, agonizing screams, demands that he be let out of the study, and complaints that his heart was starting to bother him. The partic- ipants were visibly upset by the effects on the victim of what they believed to be genuine electric shocks.
Steve R. Baumgardner, Marie K. All rights reserved. Human nature, it appears, cannot be counted upon to insulate society from acts of brutality.
The connections between the Milgram study and real-life cases of people following orders to commit acts of brutality are compelling. Adolph Eichman, tried for crimes against humanity for his part in the Holocaust death camps run by the Nazis in World War II, said repeatedly in his own defense that he was just following orders. It certainly is not because goodness does not exist in the world. History pro- vides countless examples. People risked their lives to help Jews escape from Nazi Germany during World War II, and priests and ministers aboard the Titanic sacrificed their own lives for others by giving their life preservers to fellow passengers.
And, who can forget the imagery of heroic firefighters, police offi- cers, and ordinary citizens following the September 11 terrorist attacks?
A basic positive psychology prem- ise is that the field of psychology is out of balance, with more focus on the negatives in human behavior than on the positives. Positive psychology does not deny the negative, nor does it suggest that all of psychology focuses on the negative. Rather, the new and emerging perspective of positive psychol- ogy embraces a more realistic and balanced view of human nature that includes human strengths and virtues without denying human weakness and capacity for evil.
Each of us confronts a share of sadness and trauma in our life; but we also experi- ence our share of joy and happiness. Historically, psychology has had more to say about the downs than about the ups. A large number of college stu- dents complete a general psychology course as part of their college education.
Studies show that they recall mostly the negatives of human behavior, such as mental illness and the Milgram study see Fineburg, , for a review. Positive psychology aims to offset this negative image of human nature with a more balanced view. Why the Negative Focus?
Add to basket Add to wishlist Description This book is designed to serve as a primary text for an undergraduate college course in positive psychology. Consistent with the "nuts and bolts" presentation of positive psychology, in many places throughout the book the authors provide detailed coverage of individual research studies, methodological issues and theoretical controversies. The first goal in writing this book was to make positive psychology accessible to undergraduate students by reviewing and summarizing the major empirical findings and theories within the major areas of positive psychology. Specifically, the authors hope to bridge the gap between an undergraduate audience and the professional level of source material. A second goal was to present the core topics of positive psychology in a way that preserves the richness and excitement of findings in this new area of psychology.
ISBN 13: 9780131744417
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