Students only use English in English lessons. Students are unconfident and shy to use English. Students have different mother tongue first language Insufficient and ineffective of basic skills and foundations in English learning. Withitness may only be effective for experienced teacher A beginning teacher thus should discuss with the class teacher about the students e. An experienced teacher is teaching English in a classroom. Since she knows her students very well, thus she knows who are usually misbehave in the classroom.

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Edupedia June 10, Research by Jacob Kounin, who was inspired by William Glasser, found that the difference between teachers is not how they deal with misconduct, but how they prevent it in the first place. His conclusion listed four factors that underlie classroom management success. Teachers should let students know that they have the full view of the classroom, and as soon as the teacher spots misbehavior, the teacher indicates visually with facial expression to the student that he or she has seen the misbehavior.

This is usually enough to stop the behavior without the rest of the class being aware. Although such a look is enough in many cases, some cases will require more action than that, with the teacher addressing the situation with everyone who was involved in the misconduct.

Teachers can ask students questions that are open for anyone to answer. Students will thus all be concentrating and thinking about the question, eager to respond to get a good grade. Another method that is often used is randomly selecting students to answer questions. Teachers have to ensure that students are continually working and are not sidetracked or distracted.

Students can raise their hands if they have questions, and this ensures the smooth flow of the class without interruptions. If the class is held often, another way could be for students to write down questions and concerns about the class materials on pieces of paper and turn them in at the end of the session.

In the next class, materials can be reviewed, with assistance from the questions previously written down by students. Teachers may also prepare more challenging questions.


Classroom Management Theorists and Theories/Jacob Kounin

The teacher can maintain this strategy by making eye contact to all students at all times. The teacher should know each student on a personal basis i. The teacher can use other non-verbal techniques to show students that they are alert and care about the well-being of all students. The teacher may also want to make a respectable suggestion to inform the student that their behavior is unacceptable. The teacher should have communicated to all students the expectations and can have these displayed so everyone can be "with-it". Overlapping[ edit ] The teacher can have procedures that will allow the teacher to be effective when two situations occur at the same time.


Instructional Management by Jacob Kounin

Movement Management Transitions: - Keeping lessons moving with avoiding abrupt changes. Smoothness: Smooth transitions between activities. Avoid going off topic. Momentum: Appropriate pace and progression through a lesson At a consistent flow Teachers must be well prepared. Maintaining Group Focus: Students are prepared for the content of the lesson. Keep the whole class involved and interest.

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