Immediately, cultural norms made it difficult to gauge how the audience was receiving our presentation. When I stood on stage with my husband, all the men looked exclusively at him, and all the women looked exclusively at me. But we could read the microexpressions we saw around the room. And, so we could calibrate our presentation accordingly, and felt just as comfortable as we would have at home. Recognizing and interpreting microexpressions takes practice, but there are a few things you can start doing immediately to improve your skills.
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Cal Lightman, a brilliant expert in the science of body language , especially microexpressions , and founder of The Lightman Group, a private company that operates as an independent contractor to assist investigations of local and federal law enforcement through applied psychology.
He is divorced and shares custody of his teenage daughter. He cares deeply about his colleague Gillian Foster; and there is a chemistry between them that has yet to develop into anything more although, in the Season 3 finale, he confesses to his daughter that he loves her. His mother committed suicide while he was still young, an event that led him to discovering and researching microexpressions. There is evidence he was involved with British Intelligence in Northern Ireland.
He has also admitted to being an MI6 intelligence agent during the Yugoslav Wars in an attempt to gain the trust of an intelligence agent that he was interrogating. Lightman is a West Ham United supporter as he mentions himself in Season 2. He can also be seen wearing a Claret and Blue scarf in one of the later episodes of Season 2. The character is based on Dr. Paul Ekman , a psychologist and expert on body language and facial expressions at University of California, San Francisco.
Gillian Foster, Dr. It is later revealed that he was not cheating on her but was trying to overcome his drug addiction; they promptly divorce. Gillian had adopted a baby Sophie who was eventually returned to the birth mother. This character is based on Dr. Unlike Torres, whom Lightman calls "a natural", Loker acquired his skills in "reading" people through academic education and practice. During Season 1, he also adheres to Radical Honesty and thus rarely lies, even if that makes him appear rude or undiplomatic.
However, he is later promoted to Vice President, which makes a rift in any developing relationship between him and Torres. Though talented and loyal, she lacks academic training and sometimes lets her emotions cloud her judgment.
She has a half-sister who was in juvenile prison and is now enrolled at a private school. She has boyfriends over the series that her father scrutinizes. While engaged to another man, she also engaged in a tryst with Lightman, after he helped her in a case. He works at the United States Department of State and is a recovering cocaine addict.
Throughout the series it was heavily hinted that he was having an extramarital affair until it was revealed that the woman was his CA sponsor. He and Gillian divorced. Torres and Dupree are romantically involved later in season one. He also defends Torres against Loker when he divulged sensitive information to the SEC while working on a case.
Season 1 only Melissa George as Clara Musso. She also engages in a romantic relationship with Cal Lightman, but ends it once Lightman finds out the truth about her past as a dirty cop.
Emily breaks up with him because he does not believe in sex before marriage. Season 3 only.
INTERPRETING MICROEXPRESSIONS PDF
Cal Lightman, a brilliant expert in the science of body language , especially microexpressions , and founder of The Lightman Group, a private company that operates as an independent contractor to assist investigations of local and federal law enforcement through applied psychology. He is divorced and shares custody of his teenage daughter. He cares deeply about his colleague Gillian Foster; and there is a chemistry between them that has yet to develop into anything more although, in the Season 3 finale, he confesses to his daughter that he loves her. His mother committed suicide while he was still young, an event that led him to discovering and researching microexpressions. There is evidence he was involved with British Intelligence in Northern Ireland.
How to Get Better at Reading People from Different Cultures
Yonris Microexpressions were intfrpreting discovered by Haggard and Isaacs. Facial Action Coding System 3. You also will find that if you make the facial expression, you also begin feeling the emotion yourself! Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. The eyebrows are lowered and drawn together Vertical lines appear between the eyebrows Lower lid is tensed Eyes are in hard stare or bulging Lips can be pressed firmly together, with corners down, or in a square shape as if shouting Nostrils may be dilated The lower jaw juts out All three facial areas must be engaged to not have any ambiguity. Thank you for your input.
Interpreting facial expressions: The influence of social anxiety, emotional valence, and race
History[ edit ] Microexpressions were first discovered by Haggard and Isaacs. In their study, Haggard and Isaacs outlined how they discovered these "micromomentary" expressions while "scanning motion picture films of psychotherapy for hours, searching for indications of non-verbal communication between therapist and patient"  Through a series of studies, Paul Ekman found a high agreement across members of diverse Western and Eastern literate cultures on selecting emotional labels that fit facial expressions. Expressions he found to be universal included those indicating anger , disgust , fear , happiness , sadness , and surprise. Findings on contempt are less clear, though there is at least some preliminary evidence that this emotion and its expression are universally recognized. Friesen , Ekman demonstrated that the findings extended to preliterate Fore tribesmen in Papua New Guinea , whose members could not have learned the meaning of expressions from exposure to media depictions of emotion.