Overview[ edit ] The exercises are intended to address common problems which could hamper the performance abilities of a student. These include "crossing of the thumb", strengthening of the fourth and fifth fingers, and quadruple- and triple-trills. The exercises are meant to be individually mastered and then played consecutively in the sections they are placed in. Apart from increasing technical abilities of the student, when played in groups at higher speeds, the exercises will also help to increase endurance.
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Overview[ edit ] The exercises are intended to address common problems which could hamper the performance abilities of a student. These include "crossing of the thumb", strengthening of the fourth and fifth fingers, and quadruple- and triple-trills. The exercises are meant to be individually mastered and then played consecutively in the sections they are placed in.
Apart from increasing technical abilities of the student, when played in groups at higher speeds, the exercises will also help to increase endurance.
The exercises are divided in three parts: Exercises 1 - Labeled "preparatory exercises", these are also the most famous exercises, and are used to develop finger strength and independence.
Each exercise contains a sequence of 8 semiquavers , beginning on C , which is then repeated starting on D , and so on across two octaves. The exercise is then repeated in reverse down two octaves to the starting C.
The exercises are intended to be practiced in groups of three, except for the first two which are practiced together. Exercises 21 - Labeled "further exercises for the development of a virtuoso technique. Part 2 includes scales and arpeggios.
Exercises 44 - Labeled "virtuoso exercises for mastering the greatest technical difficulties. This part includes repeated notes, repeated double notes, scales in thirds and octaves, tremolos, and more. After all three parts are mastered, Hanon recommends all exercises be played through daily to retain technique.
Criticisms[ edit ] The most common criticism of the Hanon exercises is that having students drill on purely physical exercises results in an unmusical, mechanistic attitude toward the piano. It is further argued that musicality drives technique; the flow of musical expression is a potent motivator to finger agility.
In the notes accompanying his work Hanon considered his exercises less "dry" than other "five-finger exercises". Some detractors, such as Abby Whiteside have dismissed the very notion of finger independence which they are intended to encourage, insisting instead that only a technique based on the use of the humerus can be effective. This does not prepare you to be either a pianist or a musician. Too often, teachers assign technical exercises as a shortcut to technical mastery.
It is easier to assign pages from an exercise book than to analyze and break down the physical elements in a specific difficult passage of music Dorothy Taubman is one of the well known pedagogues who campaigns against technical exercises, asserting that they do far more damage than good.
Certainly, indiscriminate practicing of exercises can damage a pianist just as forcing repetition of a difficult piece. In my mind, the question should not be whether or not to use technical exercises, as much as how to think physically at the piano. Since the concerto was dedicated to and premiered by his son Maxim , some have suggested that these passages are a reference to the Hanon exercises Shostakovich would have heard his young son practicing.
Piano technique exercise N°2 in C
Hanon piano exercises have been meticulously constructed to provide the optimum level of practice for pianists of all levels and abilities. The full series of exercises have a proven track record in improving technical skill, speed and precision stretching back well over a century. First published in , The Virtuoso Pianist by Charles Louis Hanon has become a valuable source of inspiration for piano teachers, students and performers. The original 60 Hanon exercises have now been perfected and transposed to every major key, offering participants the maximum performance training and practice available. To gain the utmost benefits from the logical progression of Hanon exercises, it is recommended to practise these piano exercises on a daily basis. In that way, pupils will rapidly notice the difference as their fingers become stronger and far more adept at challenging works and techniques. A key element of the piano finger exercises is the focus on the daily repetitions of strengthening hands and fingers.
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Hanon - Il Pianista Virtuoso (Completa)-1