BIOGRAFI SAYYID QUTB PDF

He had a special disdain, however, for schools that specialized in religious studies only, and sought to demonstrate that local schools that held regular academic classes as well as classes in religion were more beneficial to their pupils than religious schools with lopsided curricula. At this time, Qutb developed his bent against the imams and their traditional approach to education. This confrontation would persist throughout his life. During his early career, Qutb devoted himself to literature as an author and critic, writing such novels as Ashwak Thorns and even helped to elevate Egyptian novelist Naguib Mahfouz from obscurity.

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He had a special disdain, however, for schools that specialized in religious studies only, and sought to demonstrate that local schools that held regular academic classes as well as classes in religion were more beneficial to their pupils than religious schools with lopsided curricula.

At this time, Qutb developed his bent against the imams and their traditional approach to education. This confrontation would persist throughout his life. During his early career, Qutb devoted himself to literature as an author and critic, writing such novels as Ashwak Thorns and even helped to elevate Egyptian novelist Naguib Mahfouz from obscurity.

In the early s, he encountered the work of Nobel Prize -winner French eugenicist Alexis Carrel , who would have a seminal and lasting influence on his criticism of Western civilization , as "instead of liberating man, as the post- Enlightenment narrative claimed, he believed that Western modernity enmeshed people in spiritually numbing networks of control and discipline, and that rather than building caring communities, it cultivated attitudes of selfish individualism.

Though Islam gave him much peace and contentment, [33] he suffered from respiratory and other health problems throughout his life and was known for "his introvertedness, isolation, depression and concern. He would have a big collection of books, and another small collection specifically for Syed Qutb.

And Amsaalih would let him do that. At the age of 12, he had his own library collection of 25 books, even though books were really expensive during that time.

He would imitate the scholars by reading the books, and then give lectures to the rest of the village. If any women needed any information, they would wait till Syed Qutb came back from school, and ask him to share the knowledge he had to them.

In many occasions he would be shy because he was a young man, but in some occasions he would go and teach the knowledge he had to the people who asked him.

Before his departure from the United States, even though more and more conservative, he still was " Western in so many ways—his dress, his love of classical music and Hollywood movies. He had read, in translation, the works of Darwin and Einstein , Byron and Shelley , and had immersed himself in French literature , especially Victor Hugo ".

He was appalled by what he perceived as loose sexual openness of American men and women a far cry from his home of Musha, Asyut. This American experience was for him a fine-tuning of his Islamic identity. He himself tells us on his boat trip over "Should I travel to America, and become flimsy, and ordinary, like those who are satisfied with idle talk and sleep.

Or should I distinguish myself with values and spirit. Is there other than Islam that I should be steadfast to in its character and hold on to its instructions, in this life amidst deviant chaos, and the endless means of satisfying animalistic desires, pleasures, and awful sins?

I wanted to be the latter man. She knows it lies in the face, and in expressive eyes, and thirsty lips. She knows seductiveness lies in the round breasts, the full buttocks, and in the shapely thighs, sleek legs — and she shows all this and does not hide it. This is that music that the Negroes invented to satisfy their primitive inclinations, as well as their desire to be noisy on the one hand and to excite bestial tendencies on the other.

Meanwhile, the noise of the instruments and the voices mounts, and it rings in the ears to an unbearable degree… The agitation of the multitude increases, and the voices of approval mount, and their palms ring out in vehement, continuous applause that all but deafens the ears.

His experience in the U. Nasser would go to the house of Syed Qutb and ask him for ideas about the Revolution. Many members of the Brotherhood expected Nasser to establish an Islamic government. Nasser had secretly set up an organisation that would sufficiently oppose the Muslim Brotherhood once he came to power. This organisation was called "Tahreer" "freedom" in Arabic. It was well known that the Brotherhood were made popular by their extensive social programs in Egypt, and Nasser wanted to be ready once he had taken over.

Once Qutb realized that Nasser had taken advantage of the secrecy between the Free Officers and the Brotherhood, he promptly quit. Upset that Nasser would not enforce a government based on Islamic ideology, Qutb and other Brotherhood members plotted to assassinate him in During his first three years in prison, conditions were bad and Qutb was tortured. In later years he was allowed more mobility, including the opportunity to write. The school of thought he inspired has become known as Qutbism.

Qutb was let out of prison at the end of at the behest of the Prime Minister of Iraq , Abdul Salam Arif , for only 8 months before being rearrested in August He was accused of plotting to overthrow the state and subjected to what some consider a show trial.

He was sentenced to death for his part in the conspiracy to assassinate the President [57] and other Egyptian officials and personalities, though he was not the instigator or leader of the actual plot. Materialist thinking, ancient as well as modern, has tended to drag man back to an irrational existence, with no room for the spiritual, where everything is determined by sensory means alone.

One common explanation is that the conditions he witnessed in prison from —, including the torture and murder of Muslim Brothers, convinced him that only a government bound by Islamic law could prevent such abuses. In the opening of his book Milestones he presents the following views: It is necessary for the new leadership to preserve and develop the material fruits of the creative genius of Europe, and also to provide mankind with such high ideals and values as have so far remained undiscovered by mankind, and which will also acquaint humanity with a way of life which is harmonious with human nature, which is positive and constructive, and which is practicable.

It is the same with the Eastern bloc. Its social theories, foremost among which is Marxism, in the beginning attracted not only a large number of people from the East but also from the West, as it was a way of life based on a creed.

But now Marxism is defeated on the plane of thought, and if it is stated that not a single nation in the world is truly Marxist, it will not be an exaggeration.

This ideology prospers only in a degenerate society or in a society which has become cowed as a result of some form of prolonged dictatorship. But now, even under these circumstances, its materialistic economic system is failing, although this was the only foundation on which its structure was based.

Russia, which is the leader of the communist countries, is itself suffering from shortages of food. Although during the times of the Tsars Russia used to produce surplus food, it now has to import food from abroad and has to sell its reserves of gold for this purpose.

The main reason for this is the failure of the system of collective farming , or, one can say, the failure of a system which is against human nature. This work, more than any other, established Qutb as one of the premier Islamists of the 20th century, and perhaps the foremost proponent of Islamist thought in that era.

Qutb, dissatisfied with the condition of contemporary Islam, identified its benighted state as having two principal causes. This had led to the virulent spread of a secular culture within Muslim societies, which, with the assistance of Western imperialism and colonialism that distorted the existing order, was a second important cause of the straying of many Muslims from the right path. Qutb asserted that the Islamic world had sunk into a state of Jahiliyyah ignorance and foolishness.

Then something happened to him in America to remove his doubts. He says; that while he was going to America, he was on the boat ferry , and he saw the way the boat he was travelling in — was rocking in the huge sea — all under the control of Allah without it sinking or capsizing. At that point he realized the power of Allah. He said Iman belief entered into his heart due to this. His second scenario was in San Francisco, when he went on top of a mountain, and he could see the whole of creation in front of him, and he realized the beauty and harmony that existed amongst the creation as a whole.

He said that, the sweetness of Iman hit him.

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Sayyid Quṭb

Ia banyak menulis dalam berbagai bidang. Ia lahir di daerah Asyut, Mesir tahun , di sebuah desa dengan tradisi agama yang kental. Dengan tradisi yang seperti itu,maka tak heran jika Qutb kecil menjadi seorang anak yang pandai dalam ilmu agama. Bakat dan kepandaian menyerap ilmu yang besar itu tak disia-siakan terutama oleh kedua orang tua Qutb.

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Biografi Sayyid Quthb

Sein Vater war Abgeordneter der Wafd-Partei. In seinen Werken verarbeitete er seine Lebensabschnitte. Juli , lautete auf 25 Jahre Zwangsarbeit. Das Urteil wurde am

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