After reviewing carefully the ethnobotanical, chemical and pharmacognostical literature on the Amazonian Amrta, Ott describes more than three dozen psychonautic experiments designed to elucidate the incredible pharmacology of ayahuasca potions, ingenious Ayahuasca Analogues is the first book to explore in detail the human pharmacology of ayahuasca, fabled jungle ambrosia. After reviewing carefully the ethnobotanical, chemical and pharmacognostical literature on the Amazonian Amrta, Ott describes more than three dozen psychonautic experiments designed to elucidate the incredible pharmacology of ayahuasca potions, ingenious amalgamations of extracts of the ayahuasca liana, depicted above, which contain enzyme inhibitors, and extracts of leaves of other plants containing DMT like Psychotria viridis, depicted below , a potent entheogen ordinarily inactive orally. Ott boldly characterizes the discovery of ayahuasca potions by various groups of South American Indians as "one of the most sophisticated pharmacognostical discoveries of all antiquity.
|Published (Last):||27 October 2012|
|PDF File Size:||19.62 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||4.45 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Two of the most common are Peganum harmala and Mimosa hostilis, as replacements for the B. Experienced ayahuasca drinkers who have also had the opportunity to drink ayahuasca admixture brews, such as tea made from Syrian rue and Mimosa, generally conclude that the effects are substantially different.
Most feel a strong connection to the ayahuasca vine, and understand this to be a fundamental, if not completely essential aspect of the ayahuasca experience and its healing properties. Many have experienced profound healing and accessed visionary states not entirely unlike those produced by traditional ayahuasca brews, and most agree that modern analogue plants are extremely powerful and deserving of respect.
However, analogue brews are not the same as ayahuasca and deserve unique status. Caapi and P. Many people think of the use of Banisteriopsis caapi and Peganum harmala as interchangeable. The harmaline in P. Harmaline has been shown in large doses to be neurotoxic to animals by effecting the degeneration of Purkinje cells in the brain.
While doses of that magnitude are rarely taken, those that are concerned may look to Banisteriopsis caapi as a source of harmala alkaloids due to an almost negligent amount of harmaline present. Banisteriopsis caapi has a slightly different chemistry with the same harmala alkaloids present but in different proportions. The major difference between P. The higher levels of tetrahydroharmine in B.
When first isolated from B. There are clear biochemical differences between the vine and rue. Callaway, J. Brito, Charles S. Grob Platelet serotonin uptake sites increased in drinkers of ayahusaca. It discusses how THH generates receptor sites for serotonin thus producing a long lasting antidepressant effect.
THH occurs in much greater concentration in B. I have no knowledge what these Syrian Rue quinazoline compounds might contribute, positively or negatively, to the Ayahuasca experience, but my gut feeling would be to avoid them until you know their pharmacological properties. The second question relates to yet another beta-carboline alkaloid, Harman.
This is a structural analogue of Harmine that has been stripped of its methoxyl group…. A typical dose of the combined beta-carbolines Harmine, Harmaline, and Tetrahydroharmine, in an Ayahuasca brew, has been estimated by Mckenna to be 28mg harmine, 10mg tetrahydroharmine, and 2mg harmaline.
Harmaline therefore only constitutes a small proportion of the total alkaloidal makeup of ayahuasca. Yet Harmaline is the primary beta-carboline component of Syrian rue. Mckenna, J. C Callaway and Charles S Grob. Another important matter to bring up in this section is the use of P.
Emmanagogue is a substance that contracts or acts on the uterus, strong emmanagogues can easily induce abortions. The non-MAOI alkaloids are most likely responsible for this action. Boiled extractions of seeds are recommended over consuming whole seeds, to avoid ingesting some, but not all of the compounds in question.
One of the reasons for this is that, in a Rue-based brew, only the minimum amount of Rue is used necessary to potentiate the DMT. Increasing the Rue beyond the minimum necessary would serve little purpose beyond increasing the sense of sickness. People who are used to taking this approach will often use the same approach with Caapi — use the minimum amount necessary to potentiate the tryptamines.
The difference, however, is that the amount of Caapi can be increased — without limit — and increasing the amount of Caapi can add a dimension of its own, a dimension of rich depth — it adds the whole Caapi dimension to the experience.
Most of the common native names for the brew — Ayahuasca, Yage, Caapi, Natema, Caapi, Dapa, Mihi, Kahi, Pinde, Nixi, etc — are also names for the Vine, whereas there is no record of any group naming the brew for the tryptamine-containing admixtures.
It took many decades for the importance of the admixture plants even to be recognized by ethnobotanists, because every indigenous group recorded as using Ayahuasca stressed the Vine, and not uncommonly use Vine alone, and admixtures vary widely while the Vine is the common denominator. The analogy between the tryptamine plants and Light with which to see what is happening is also made in indigenous cultures.
Vine alone can be visionary in high enough doses, but the visions are different from tryptamine visuals. Vine visions tend to be monochromatic, even shadowy, and they mean something, when they come. It is not eye-candy! But one of the advantages of Caapi over Rue, for the home brewer, is that iyou have used the minimum possible amount of Rue or Caapi to potentiate the Leaf, but it turns out your Leaf is weak, then basically you have nothing — a dud brew or a weak brew. If, on the other hand, you have used a large amount of Caapi, and your Leaf is weak, the Caapi experience alone, with little or even no tryptamine visuals, can be profound and transforming.
And if your Leaf is strong, on the other hand, the Vine spirit can help guide and support you in the frightening depths of the realms.
You are not alone. The Vine is a being, a sentient Presence, who cares about you and accompanies you no matter where you go in the cave. It may be that it is easier for humans, as a gendered species, to be able to relate to another being if it presents itself as gendered. The primary use of Ayahuasca in Amazonian shamanism is for healing. The Vine is experienced by many people as a being or presence who can heal, who knows how to heal.
Or as the Santo Daime says, the Vine is the Power in the marriage of Power and Light, and that Power is above all power to heal, at very deep levels.
Ceremonia ayahuasca (ajałaska) - na czym polega ten rytuał?
Ayahuasca is the hispanicized spelling of a word in the Quechua languages , which are spoken in the Andean states of Ecuador , Bolivia , Peru , and Colombia. Speakers of Quechua languages or of the Aymara language align with the alternative spelling ayawaska. In the Quechua languages, aya means "spirit, soul", "corpse, dead body", and waska means "rope" and "woody vine", "liana". Beat writer William S. Burroughs read a paper by Richard Evans Schultes on the subject and while traveling through South America in the early s sought out ayahuasca in the hopes that it could relieve or cure opiate addiction see The Yage Letters. Ayahuasca became more widely known when the McKenna brothers published their experience in the Amazon in True Hallucinations.
Encyclopedia of Psychoactive Plants. Park Street Press. Today, nontraditional combinations of plants with these ingredients are known as ayahuasca analogs or anahuasca. Combinations composed of isolated or synthesized constituents are referred to as pharmahuasca. The term ayahausca analog appears to have been coined by Dennis McKenna. The chemist and chaos theorist Mario Markus used the Heffter technique self-experimentation to perform extensive experiments into the optimal proportions for mixing the alakaloids.